Election 2024: What do voters think on Acche Din, Unemployment, Inflation, Ram Mandir, EVM? Highlights of Lokniti CSDS Survey

We understand what the direction of the wind is; I am reminded of something written by public poet Gorakh Pandey. Well, in this election, most of the survey agencies are saying that the wind is leaning towards BJP. Still, one section is holding out hope for a reversal at the last moment. Winning or losing is one thing, what do the voters think? To understand this, CSDS-Lokniti conducted a survey.

The survey (pre-poll survey) was conducted between March 28 and April 8, whose sample size was 10,019 people. After talking to the voters of about 400 polling stations falling under 100 Lok Sabha seats in 19 states, CSDS gathered information about the main issues of 2024 elections, people’s opinion on the policies of Modi government, the possibility of Bharatiya Janata Party electing the government once again. And many other subjects were assessed. The salient points of the survey are as follows –

1. Biggest issues, concerns of people:-

Unemployment – 27 percent of the people surveyed believed that their biggest concern today is unemployment.

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Dearness – 23 percent people considered inflation as a big problem.

Development – 13 percent people were inclined towards development.

Ram Temple – There were only 8 percent people for whom the construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya was an important topic.

Hindutva – The issue of Hindutva remained prominent for only 2 percent of the people who participated in the survey.

2. What caused the increase in unemployment and inflation?

Unemployment – 62 percent people were of the opinion that it has become more difficult for them to get a job in Modi’s second term.

17 percent people hold the state governments, 21 percent the Center and 57 percent hold both responsible for limiting employment opportunities.

Dearness – This time in the survey, 71 percent were of the opinion that inflation has increased. For rising inflation, 12 percent people hold the state, 26 percent the Center and 56 percent hold both responsible.

Development – About 48 percent of the people who took part in the survey believed that there has been inclusive development (of all kinds, for everyone) during the last 5 years. At the same time, 32 percent talked about development only of the rich and 15 percent talked about no development at all.

3. Have good days come?

Has life got better? When asked whether there has been any significant improvement in your life, 48 percent people accepted the improvement while 14 percent said that the matter remains the same, nothing has changed. At the same time, 35 percent of the people who participated in the survey said that life is becoming more difficult.

Basic needs, savings – Only 22 percent people are able to save some part of their income to meet their needs, while 36 percent are able to afford basic things but saving anything for the future is beyond their control.

There are also 23 percent for whom it is difficult to collect the basic things and 12 percent have completely given up that they do not have the ability to collect the necessary means of living.

good days- 16 percent say that their good days have arrived to a great extent while 33 percent advocate that good days have arrived to some extent. At the same time, 22 percent completely rejected the idea of ​​good days coming.

4. Has corruption decreased or increased?

In the Lokniti Pre-Poll Survey 2019, 40 percent people were found who believed that corruption has increased, but this time the number of such people has reached 55 percent.

Also, whereas five years ago only 37 percent people talked about reduction in corruption, now the number of such people has come down to 19 percent.

25 percent hold the central government, 16 percent state government while 56 percent hold both responsible for corruption.

5. Is the demonstration of farmers justified?

There was a divided opinion regarding the farmers who marched to Delhi regarding the three agricultural laws or later demanding minimum support price.

When Lokniti-CSDS, in its survey, questioned the farmers’ protests across the country, 59 percent people considered their demands valid and said that they have the right to protest. 16 percent consider the farmers’ protest as a conspiracy against the government.

6. 370, G20, UCC

G20, international image – India’s G20 presidency and hosting of world leaders in Delhi has been liked by many voters and people are linking it to India’s changing and improving image at the international level.

First of all, about two-thirds of the people surveyed were not aware about the G-20 summit, but among those who knew, 30 percent saw it as India’s strengthening position in the world, 23 percent as a possibility of increase in economy and foreign trade. Let’s see by connecting it.

16 percent people consider hosting of G-20 as an achievement of Modi government’s foreign policy, while 22 percent people consider it either a waste of money or a political event.

Article 370 – 34 percent people consider the Modi government’s decision to make Article 370 ineffective (generally speaking, abolishing Article 370) as a good step. At the same time, 16 percent do not agree with the way it is done.

It is interesting to know that 20 percent of the people surveyed did not know about Article 370, whereas only 8 percent of the people considered the abolition of Article 370 as a wrong decision.

UCC – 26 percent of the people surveyed did not know about the Uniform Civil Code. 29 percent associate the implementation of UCC with the empowerment of women, while 19 percent consider it interference in religious traditions.

7. Election Commission and EVM

election Commission – Compared to 2019, people’s trust in the Election Commission has decreased. In the Lokniti-CSDS survey conducted after the 2019 elections, 51 percent people had expressed their trust in the Election Commission to a great extent, but this time this percentage has dropped to 28 percent.

Five years ago, the number of people who did not trust the Election Commission at all was only 5 percent, but now it has almost doubled. At the same time, in 2019, there were 27 percent people who trusted the Election Commission to some extent, which has reached 30 percent this time.

EVM – Can EVMs be tampered with? Allegations of election rigging come up in the media from time to time. When the public’s opinion was taken in the survey, it was found that 45 percent people believed that the ruling party could tamper with the voting machines.

8. Nepotism, defection

Nepotism – When asked which party has more nepotism between BJP and Congress, 25 percent were of the opinion that BJP has less nepotism as compared to Congress. At the same time, almost equal to this, 24 percent also consider BJP to be a party of nepotism at par with Congress. There were only 15 percent people who believed that BJP does not practice ‘familyism’.

Defection – Why are leaders of opposition parties joining BJP? On this, 46 percent of the people who participated in the survey believed that by doing this they were protecting Khubid from CBI and ED, while 27 percent considered it to be the reason for the inclination of those leaders towards BJP.

9. Ram Temple, Unity in Diversity

Ram Temple – 48 percent people were of the opinion that the construction of Ram temple will enhance the identity of Hindus. When asked whether Ram Mandir will increase the distance between Hindus and Muslims, 27 percent people agreed that it is not so but it will create more harmony between the two religions. At the same time, 24 percent people said that discord would increase and 26 percent said that there would be no difference.

Unity in diversity – A question has come to the center of socio-political debate in recent times. The question is whose country does this belong to, only Hindus or everyone? The survey of Lokniti-CSDS puts a fresh stamp on the Indian understanding of unity in diversity.

79 percent of the people who participated in the survey believe that this country belongs as much to Hindus as it does to Muslims and people of other religions. There were only 11 percent people who considered India a country of Hindus only. It seems that people are 100% in agreement with the statement of poet and politician Uday Pratap Singh that – neither is it mine nor yours, this India belongs to everyone, what has not been understood is that the loss is everyone’s.

10. Modi government once again?

PM’s first choice – Nearly 48 percent of the people surveyed found Narendra Modi as their first choice for Prime Minister, while 27 percent preferred Rahul Gandhi.

If elections were held today – While conducting the survey, people were asked who they would vote for if elections were held today. 34 percent people’s choice was Congress or its allies, while 46 percent people talked about voting for Bharatiya Janata Party and its allies.

Modi government –

Favorite work – People consider the construction of Ram temple in Ayodhya as the most favorite work of Narendra Modi government. The number of such people in the survey came to 23 percent.

The second most popular decision is the work regarding employment (9 percent) and the decision regarding ending poverty and changing image of India at the international level. 8-8 percent people consider the government’s good work.

What you don’t like – When asked whether you did not like the functioning of the Modi government, the people surveyed by Lokniti-CSDS believed that rising inflation and unemployment were the most unwanted things under this government.

24-24 percent people did not like the work of Modi government on inflation and job front, overall 48 percent did not like it.

Summary – The broad gist of the pre-poll survey of Lokniti-CSDS is that the question of unemployment and inflation is among the biggest and main concerns of Indian voters, but the strong leadership of Narendra Modi, his party’s agenda regarding Hindutva and nationalism and India on the world stage. Due to the vision of strengthening its image, BJP is seeing an edge in this election.

All data courtesy – Lokniti-CSDA, The Hindu Newspaper.

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Brijesh Pratap
Brijesh Pratap

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